使用chrome handless 进行 html转pdf

2022-12-14 08:00

原理

chrome自59版本开始 提供了一个无界面,命令行调用的html转pdf方法

cmd可以执行 chrome --headless --disable-gpu  --print-to-pdf=${outputPath} ${url}

将http的url地址生成pdf到output地址。

具体课件文档 https://developer.chrome.com/blog/headless-chrome/

实现

1. 服务器选择windows,使用chrome离线安装包,安装chrome。

    下载页面:https://www.google.cn/chrome/thank-you.html?platform=win64&standalone=1&statcb=0&installdataindex=empty&defaultbrowser=0

2. 使用hutool的命令行调用工具执行命令即可。注意此命令不会创建中间文件夹,需要使用已经存在文件夹的位置写入pdf。

3. 生成过程中会弹出一个框,本例出现以下提示,但是pdf正常生成了。



可用参数

来自文档

// The background color to be used if the page doesn't specify one. Provided as
// RGBA integer value in hex, e.g. 'ff0000ff' for red or '00000000' for
// transparent.
const char kDefaultBackgroundColor[] = "default-background-color";
 
// Whether cookies stored as part of user profile are encrypted.
const char kDisableCookieEncryption[] = "disable-cookie-encryption";
 
// Whether or not begin frames should be issued over DevToolsProtocol
// (experimental).
const char kEnableBeginFrameControl[] = "enable-begin-frame-control";
 
// Enable crash reporter for headless.
const char kEnableCrashReporter[] = "enable-crash-reporter";
 
// Disable crash reporter for headless. It is enabled by default in official
// builds.
const char kDisableCrashReporter[] = "disable-crash-reporter";
 
// The directory breakpad should store minidumps in.
const char kCrashDumpsDir[] = "crash-dumps-dir";
 
// A meta flag. This sets a number of flags which put the browser into
// deterministic mode where begin frames should be issued over DevToolsProtocol
// (experimental).
const char kDeterministicMode[] = "deterministic-mode";
 
// Use a specific disk cache location, rather than one derived from the
// UserDatadir.
const char kDiskCacheDir[] = "disk-cache-dir";
 
// Instructs headless_shell to print document.body.innerHTML to stdout.
const char kDumpDom[] = "dump-dom";
 
// Specifies which encryption storage backend to use. Possible values are
// kwallet, kwallet5, gnome, gnome-keyring, gnome-libsecret, basic. Any other
// value will lead to Chrome detecting the best backend automatically.
// TODO(crbug.com/571003): Once PasswordStore no longer uses the Keyring or
// KWallet for storing passwords, rename this flag to stop referencing
// passwords. Do not rename it sooner, though; developers and testers might
// rely on it keeping large amounts of testing passwords out of their Keyrings
// or KWallets.
const char kPasswordStore[] = "password-store";
 
// Save a pdf file of the loaded page.
const char kPrintToPDF[] = "print-to-pdf";
 
// Do not display header and footer in the pdf file.
const char kPrintToPDFNoHeader[] = "print-to-pdf-no-header";
 
// Do not emit tags when printing PDFs.
const char kDisablePDFTagging[] = "disable-pdf-tagging";
 
// Specifies a list of hosts for whom we bypass proxy settings and use direct
// connections. Ignored unless --proxy-server is also specified. This is a
// comma-separated list of bypass rules. See:
// "net/proxy_resolution/proxy_bypass_rules.h" for the format of these rules.
const char kProxyBypassList[] = "proxy-bypass-list";
 
// Uses a specified proxy server, overrides system settings. This switch only
// affects HTTP and HTTPS requests.
const char kProxyServer[] = "proxy-server";
 
// Do not use system proxy configuration service.
const char kNoSystemProxyConfigService[] = "no-system-proxy-config-service";
 
// Use the given address instead of the default loopback for accepting remote
// debugging connections. Should be used together with --remote-debugging-port.
// Note that the remote debugging protocol does not perform any authentication,
// so exposing it too widely can be a security risk.
const char kRemoteDebuggingAddress[] = "remote-debugging-address";
 
// Runs a read-eval-print loop that allows the user to evaluate Javascript
// expressions.
const char kRepl[] = "repl";
 
// Save a screenshot of the loaded page.
const char kScreenshot[] = "screenshot";
 
// Issues a stop after the specified number of milliseconds. This cancels all
// navigation and causes the DOMContentLoaded event to fire.
const char kTimeout[] = "timeout";
 
// Sets the GL implementation to use. Use a blank string to disable GL
// rendering.
const char kUseGL[] = "use-gl";
 
// Sets the ANGLE implementation to use. Only relevant if "use-gl" is set to
// "angle"
const char kUseANGLE[] = "use-angle";
 
// A string used to override the default user agent with a custom one.
const char kUserAgent[] = "user-agent";
 
// Directory where the browser stores the user profile. Note that if this switch
// is added, the session will no longer be Incognito, unless Incognito mode is
// forced with --incognito switch.
const char kUserDataDir[] = "user-data-dir";
 
// Forces Incognito mode even if user data directory is specified using the
// --user-data-dir switch.
const char kIncognito[] = "incognito";
 
// If set the system waits the specified number of virtual milliseconds before
// deeming the page to be ready. For determinism virtual time does not advance
// while there are pending network fetches (i.e no timers will fire). Once all
// network fetches have completed, timers fire and if the system runs out of
// virtual time is fastforwarded so the next timer fires immediatley, until the
// specified virtual time budget is exhausted.
const char kVirtualTimeBudget[] = "virtual-time-budget";
 
// Sets the initial window size. Provided as string in the format "800,600".
const char kWindowSize[] = "window-size";
 
// Allowlist for Negotiate Auth servers.
const char kAuthServerAllowlist[] = "auth-server-allowlist";
 
// Sets font render hinting when running headless, affects Skia rendering and
// whether glyph subpixel positioning is enabled.
// Possible values: none|slight|medium|full|max. Default: full.
const char kFontRenderHinting[] = "font-render-hinting";
 
// If true, then all pop-ups and calls to window.open will fail.
const char kBlockNewWebContents[] = "block-new-web-contents";
 
// Allows overriding the list of restricted ports by passing a comma-separated
// list of port numbers.
const char kExplicitlyAllowedPorts[] = "explicitly-allowed-ports";